Ganesh is the popular elephant-headed god worshipped all over India. The most well-known explanation of how he came to have an elephant head is that his father (Shiva) decapitated him, but Paravati (Shiva’s wife and the boy’s mother) insisted Ganesh be restored to life, so Shiva ordered a servant to put an elephant head on his lifeless-body, then Shiva breathed new life into Ganesh. [Watch this cute children’s Hindu cartoon showing this story, or read wiki.]
Well, this is obviously a myth (as in, false story meant to carry other meaning), but it seems that the Prime Minister of India feels that this re-capitation really did happen and was possible because ancient Indians knew advanced Plastic Surgery.
Source: This Guardian Article
So it you ever despair over the silly beliefs of some religious American politicians, maybe this story will help you feel a more universal disgust for human stupidity and stop focusing on us Americans.