Present day English is written in a version of the Latin Alphabet (also called the “Roman Alphabet”). When you hear a language you don’t know and try to write its sounds using our Latin alphabet, the result is a transliteration.
Before moving on to my next post, I would like readers hear to listen to this recording below and then go to the comments and type out a transliteration of what you heard. In the next post, I will use it to show you some of the challenges with transliteration — especially in relationship to the Mahabharata.
See this post for an illustration of transliteration variants for Arabic: Al Qur’an.